Boundaries and Art
I didn’t want to spend much time on art, but in the past 30 years or so, there have been some important changes in art that have affected our culture and society (and vice versa). These changes range across the spectrum from simply what is mannerly to what is right and wrong. The most obvious change that I have observed, and one that drives many of the other changes, is in the erasing of boundaries seen particularly in the entertainment and news media. Celebrities have become art, or icons, and their appearance and actions are mimicked, especially by our youth. The increasing lack of restraint shown by the rich and famous numbs the mind while sending the message that “anything goes”.
As morality is being blurred in and by the media, reality is being blurred by the collage or bricolage of styles and historical periods. For example, a story about a fictional warrior might contain scenes from his purported historical era, but also have Druid characters and Babylonian goddesses who traditionally or historically existed in a different time and place. The result is a hodgepodge of unrelated characters, some historical, some fictional, existing in a historical land and time that never existed. History (truth) is just disregarded. This may not seem particularly important, but when you realize that children are raised on this type of entertainment, you see why they have difficulty sorting historical fact from fiction. Understanding the past is essential for understanding the present and the future. It’s been said that you have to remember where you’ve been to really know who you are, where you are, and where you‘re going. This has implications for nations as well as individuals.
Of course, these historical inaccuracies may also be due to ignorance. Since other boundaries are crumbling, such as those defining accuracy and reliability, ignorance may follow as a natural consequence. This was evident when, in 2004, CNN’s news website reported that the primary news source for 21% of young adults under 30 in the U.S. was The Daily Show, which is a parody of the news, or comedy! The executive producer of the show, Ben Karlin, could see the absurdity of this and felt that watching real news was necessary to be well informed. He based this on a Pew Research survey that showed that “people who regularly learned news from the comedy shows were less likely to know basic facts of the [Presidential] campaign.”
So-called documentaries like Fahrenheit 911, on the other hand, are no more than blatant propaganda. So, again, truth doesn’t matter and reality is being blurred. Combine this with the inability of children to think analytically, linearly, and critically, and you have a reality crisis!
Frederic Jameson believes this denial of history is due to a pathological inability to perceive time. He feels that this results from the constant media bombardment with images that have little relationship to one another. News happens quickly and frequently, and is promptly forgotten. He believes this has caused a distortion of time and history (and reality, I suspect).
As for boundaries in separating Christian culture from others, postmodernism may have paradoxically strengthened them. Rodney Clapp discusses postmodernism in his book A Peculiar People: The Church as Culture in a Postmodern Society. He sees the Church as separated from contemporary culture, being instead “its own culture.” Since postmodernism, even more than modernism, rejects Christian thinking, there is now a more obvious difference between the Church and the world, which is as it should be: “Don’t be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind…” (Romans 12:2, WEB).
Summary of Boundaries and Worldviews
Distinction between God and created beings, man and angels, man and animals
Desire not to be conformed to the popular culture – rather to transform the culture
Different designs = different functions
Boundaries necessary for order
Some boundaries should be challenged
Science and technology can remove boundaries
Collage of styles, eras
Rejection of boundaries
Reality is an illusion
Inability to perceive time in a healthy manner
Mary Klages summarizes that
“postmodern things are ‘a big jumbled mess‘ out of which order does not arise…a smorgasbord, as bricolage, as collage, or as pastiche: a seemingly random collection of events, actions, signifiers, or ideas which do not coalesce.” Her description of postmodern art/literature captures its characteristics: “… a blurring of distinctions between genres, so that poetry seems more documentary (as in T.S. Eliot or ee cummings) and prose seems more poetic (as in Woolf or Joyce).” She adds that there is “…emphasis on the destructured, decentered, dehumanized subject.” Comparing modernism to postmodernism, she states, “Postmodernism, in contrast, doesn’t lament the idea of fragmentation, provisionality, or incoherence, but rather celebrates that. The world is meaningless? Let’s not pretend that art can make meaning then, let’s just play with nonsense.” (Emphasis added).
If this doesn’t sound to you like there’s nothing there, as in the old fairytale, “The Emperor’s New Clothes”, read on
The criticism of Postmodernism as rhetorical gymnastics, which are ultimately meaningless, are demonstrated in the Sokal Affair, where Alan Sokal, a physicist, wrote a deliberately nonsensical article purportedly about interpreting physics and mathematics in terms of postmodern theory, which was nevertheless published by the Social Text, a journal which he and most of the scientific community considered
as postmodernist. Interestingly, Social Text never acknowledged that the article’s publication was a mistake, but supported a counter-argument defending the "interpretative validity" of Sokal’s false article, despite the author’s rebuttal of his own article. (Wikipedia).
In “The Emperor’s New Clothes”, pride (or hubris to the postmodernist) and fear prevented anyone from telling the Emperor or the “tailors” that no one could actually see their wondrous cloth. It was the honest observation of a small child that finally triggered a reality check, exposing the scam. But alas, the damage was done: the tailors made off with a lot of ill-gotten money; the Emperor made a fool of himself; and his subjects lost respect for him. In the fairytale, this was the end of the story. In real life (yes, there is such a thing) there would probably have been disruptive, perhaps destabilizing consequences for the kingdom resulting from the Emperor’s inability to perceive reality.
Summary of Art and Worldviews
Traditionally has glorified God and His Creation
Attempts at true representation
Glorifies the individual
Strives for originality
Nothing is original but copies
Postmodern Buzzwords 2